Types of Terracotta Wash-basins

Terracotta, a type of fired clay distinguished by its naturally occurring reddish brown coloring, has been used for architectural purposes since the seventh century in Greece. Over the following centuries, terracotta became increasingly popular, reaching its zenith during the Renaissance period in Italy and Germany. While no longer as extensively used in architectural manufacturing, terracotta has retained its reputation. Different types of terracotta wash basins provide examples of terracotta's continued popularity.

Characteristics and Care
Terracotta wash basins are constructed of glazed terracotta, which is manufactured by casting the clay in molds to create hollow products. This construction provides a resilient, watertight and inexpensive alternative to stone wash basins. Due to the clay foundation of the basins it is important for users to address possible natural deterioration such as cracking or flaking of glaze and upper clay layers. In addition, proper installation is important to avoid unnecessary stress to the basin.

Terracotta wash basins are generally above-counter designs, such as vessel and countertop basins. Above-counter designs are placed on surfaces that are dropped to ensure the basin is at the best height for use. These models are shaped like bowls of varying depths and taps are generally mounted on the wall above the basin.

Terracotta is known for the natural reddish hue of the clay, however, it can be manufactured in a diverse selection of colors, ranging from red to blue to green or yellow. A number of colors may also be combined to create multicolored designs.

New and creative designs have begun to emerge in wash basins, and though many are constructed of ceramic or porcelain, there are several models that could be the future of terracotta basins. Among these designs is a plugless sink that has an above the counter bowl design that is tipped toward a channel when the water needs to be drained. Another model is the gravity-driven basins where the water is fed into an above-counter bowl through an elongated faucet suspended from the ceiling.